The arrival of European companies in India: Since historical times, they used to come to India for overseas alternate, European companies arrived in India handiest for alternate. First, the Portuguese came to India in Adhunik Bharat Ka Itihas thru the waterways, accompanied with the aid of the Dutch, British and French respectively. Soon the Europeans monopolized India’s sea and sea areas and maritime exchange.
On May 17, 1498, the primary Portuguese sailor Vasco-da-Gama came to India by way of the waterway. The credit score of coming across the ocean direction to India gives to the Portuguese. Vasco-da-Gama came by way of sea to an area referred to as Calicut on the west coast of India. The then Hindu ruler of that location was Zamorin. It changed into Zamorin who had welcomed Vasco da Gama to Calicut. Zamorin had supplied the power to change Vasco-da-Gama. The important purpose of Europeans coming to India became to exchange. Vasco-da-Gama discovered the sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope.
Dutch folks that have been citizens of Holland got here to India in 1596 AD. The Dutch also established the Dutch East India Company in 1602 AD. The first joint capital company becomes started by using the Dutch to alternate with India. The Dutch additionally installed a manufacturing facility at Chinsur in Bengal. The predominant purpose of the Dutch human beings was to alternate at the islands of South-East Asia, India became just a hyperlink in their change direction.
Dutch defeated the Portuguese and constructed Fort Williams in Kochi. The Dutch had opened trading facilities in Gujarat, Coromandel, Bengal and Odisha, and many others. The Dutch mounted the primary Kothi at Musalipatam and the second one at Pulicat.
Of all the European organizations that came to India for commercial enterprise, the British were the most effective. In 1599 AD, the first Englishman named John Mildenhall came to India. On December 31, 1600, the then Queen Elizabeth I of England granted the British Company a right to change with India for 15 years. The constitution changed into granted to the Levant Company via land path and to the East India Company by sea direction.
From this corporation, in 1608 AD, Captain Hawkins got here to the court docket of the then Mughal ruler Jahangir as the ambassador of England. To grow his enterprise in India, Hawkins asked to settle in Surat and proficient Jahangir ( Jahangir ka itihas )the gloves and wagon utilized in England. Due to which Jahangir conferred the name of ‘English Khan’ to Captain Hawkins. Due to the opposition of the Portuguese and other neighborhood merchants, Jahangir could not permit the British to settle in Surat even though he wanted to.
As a result, the British forcefully defeated the Portuguese fleet at an area called Swali or Swali by way of Captain Middleton in 1611 AD, because of which Jahangir issued a decree in 1613 AD and ordered the British to build an everlasting buying and selling cell in Surat. The first manufacturing facility changed into mounted in Surat by using the East India Company in 1613 AD. The first trading room open by the British in 1611 AD in Musalipatnam.
1664 AD, ‘French East India Company become set up through Colbert in the course of the reign of Louis 14. In 1668 AD, the French had hooked up the primary manufacturing facility in Surat by way of the French Cairo, after you have permission from Aurangzeb. In 1669 AD, the French mounted their second manufacturing unit at Moosalipatnam by using acquiring the approval of the Sultan of Golconda.
Read more about the Arrival of European races in India.